Under the spotlight, states want to pass new laws
The Supreme Court blocked Thursday a Louisiana law that, according to its opponents, would leave the state with only one doctor empowered To practice abortion, the latest development in national law fights the fate of the abortion law in a conservative court.
The Louisiana Law which requires that practicing abortions have admission privileges in nearby hospitals, was enacted in 2014. But during In recent days and weeks, new national legislation has been adopted that could be important if the country 's highest court ruled on more abortion – related cases.
Since the appointment of Brett M. Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court. in July, abortion rights groups warned of a threat to Roe v. Wade, a landmark 1973 decision that legalized abortion across the country, prompting some states to attempt to strengthen access to the procedure. Anti-abortion groups have called for more restrictions.
Here is the status of some recent laws on abortion.
Legislators Trying to Limit Access to Abortion
In some states, lawmakers sought to enact laws that would severely prohibit or restrict abortion in case Roe v. Wade would eventually be knocked down or effectively eviscerated.
This week, the legislators of Tennessee introduced a bill
Similarly, in in South Carolina the legislators of the State have adopted a so-called personality law, which would establish that the "right to life" and the right to a fair trial and equal protection "the deviation during fertilization for every human being born or born" .
The legislators of of Arkansas go further. On Thursday, the Arkansas Senate passed a bill by 29 votes to 6, which would also ban abortions in the state if Roe was declared unconstitutional. As in Tennessee, the bill provides for exceptions in cases where abortion is necessary to prevent the death of the pregnant woman.
States seek to strengthen the right to abortion
In in New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed the Reproductive Health Act on January 22, the 46th anniversary of his death. the Roe decision. The new law allows abortion after the 24th week of pregnancy when there is "an absence of fetal viability or that abortion is necessary to protect the life or health of the patient."
A law passed by a Democratic legislator in Virginia would also have reduced restrictions on late abortions to protect the health of the mother and would have reduced the number of doctors whose opinion was needed to approve an abortion, against one in three.The bill was set aside in committee.
At the State of the Union address delivered on Tuesday, President Trump despised New York legislation, mistakenly asserting that she "would allow a baby to be torn from her mother's womb a few moments before her birth". "Mr. Trump also asked Congress to 39, prohibit "late abortion", express used by abortion opponents to refer to abortions performed after approximately 21 weeks of pregnancy. such abortions are rare.
Where is the Country
Nine states have laws that protect the right to abortion, according to data from the Guttmacher Institute, an organization of reproductive health that supports abortion rights. This includes states such as California Connecticut and Maryland that allow abortion before fetal viability or where the procedure is necessary to protect the health of the fetus. mother.
On the other side of the issue, 18 states have laws that could be used to restrict the legality of abortion if Roe was overthrown. Half of these states – including Arizona Michigan and Oklahoma – upheld the abortion bans enacted during the pre-Roe era , sometimes prohibiting the procedure unless the life of the woman is in danger.
In addition, several abortion cases are pending before federal courts of appeal. All have the potential to reach the Supreme Court.